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Osaka Castle, Japan

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Every time, we have visitors, they intend to check this castle one of the tourist spots in Osaka. Fascinating, as they still maintain the look of this castle. But, to think I didn’t have a chance to go inside because the line is so long take our time. Anyway, outside is a better view and see the rock fence beside it and those trees (Cherry Blossom) but, sad to say the flower of the cherry blossom are not blooming yet, too early.

Osaka Castle (大坂城 or 大阪城,Ōsaka-jō?) is a Japanese castle in Chūō-ku, Osaka, Japan. The castle is one of Japan’s most famous landmarks and it played a major role in the unification of Japan during the sixteenth century of the Azuchi-Momoyama period.

The main tower of Osaka Castle is situated on a plot of land roughly one square kilometer. It is built on two raised platforms of landfill supported by sheer walls of cut rock, using a technique called Burdock piling, each overlooking a moat. The central castle building is five stories on the outside and eight stories on the inside, and built atop a tall stone foundation to protect its occupants from attackers.

History

In 1583 Toyotomi Hideyoshi commenced construction on the site of the Ikkō-ikki temple of Ishiyama Hongan-ji. The basic plan was modeled after Azuchi Castle, the headquarters of Oda Nobunaga. Toyotomi wanted to build a castle that mirrored Oda’s, but surpassed it in every way: the plan featured a five-story main tower, with three extra stories underground, and gold leaf on the sides of the tower to impress visitors. In 1585 the Inner donjon was completed. Toyotomi continued to extend and expand the castle, making it more and more formidable to attackers. In 1597 construction was completed and Hideyoshi died. Osaka Castle passed to his son, Toyotomi Hideyori.
In 1600 Tokugawa Ieyasu defeated his opponents at the Battle of Sekigahara, and started his own bakufu (i.e., shogunate) in Edo. In 1614 Tokugawa attacked Toyotomi in the winter, starting the Siege of Osaka.[4] Although the Toyotomi forces were outnumbered approximately two to one, they managed to fight off Tokugawa’s 200,000-man army and protect the castle’s outer walls. Ieyasu had the castle’s outer moat filled, negating one of the castle’s main outer defenses.
During the summer of 1615, Hideyori began to restore the outer moat. Tokugawa, in outrage, sent his armies to Osaka Castle again, and routed the Toyotomi men inside the outer walls on June 4. Osaka Castle fell to Tokugawa, and the Toyotomi clan perished.
In 1620, the new heir to the shogunate, Tokugawa Hidetada, began to reconstruct and re-arm Osaka Castle. He built a new elevated main tower, five stories on the outside and eight stories on the inside, and assigned the task of constructing new walls to individual samurai clans. The walls built in the 1620s still stand today, and are made out of interlocked granite boulders without mortar. Many of the stones were brought from rock quarries near the Seto Inland Sea, and bear inscribed crests of the various families who contributed them.
In 1660, lightning ignited the gunpowder warehouse and the resulting explosion set the castle on fire. In 1665, lightning struck and burnt down the main tower. In 1843, after decades of neglect, the castle got much-needed repairs when the bakufu collected money from the people of the region to rebuild several of the turrets.
In 1868, Osaka Castle fell and was surrendered to anti-bakufu imperial loyalists. Much of the castle was burned in the civil conflicts surrounding the Meiji Restoration.
Under the Meiji government, Osaka Castle became part of the Osaka Army Arsenal (Osaka Hohei Kosho) manufacturing guns, ammunition, and explosives for Japan’s rapidly expanding Western-style military.[5]
In 1928, the main tower was restored after the mayor of Osaka concluded a highly successful fund-raising drive.
During World War II, the arsenal became one of the largest military armories, employing 60,000 workers.[5] Bombing raids targeting the arsenal damaged the reconstructed main castle tower and, on August 14, 1945, destroyed 90% of the arsenal and killed 382 people working there.
In 1995, Osaka’s government approved yet another restoration project, with the intent of restoring the main tower to its Edo-era splendor. In 1997, restoration was completed. The castle is a concrete reproduction (including elevators) of the original and the interior is intended as a modern, functioning museum.

We got our friend to take us the pictures, ’cause every time our family will go here I don’t have my decent picture unless I will take a selfie.
I had a chance to take video with my daughter with her new playmates. Please check below.

 

Thank you for visiting my blog. Have a great day!

♥lovelots♥

∇ΣΠÙ∫

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Day Tour @ Kyoto, Japan

I had fun with my Malaysia’s friends but they are from the Philippines. They visit me here in Japan, their first time here. They said, “Japanese people are so honest even though they don’t speak English they respect each other so much.”

We had so much fun in 1 day trip in Kyoto, Japan take note, without my husband. But, we have interpreter my son (i’m so proud of him, he can conversed and read japanese so well and good thing is he passed to continue in studying in Japanese school (public school). Before we had tour in Kyoto, Japan. We visit the nearest and huge temple in our place.

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Katsuo-ji temple (Temple of the winner’s luck)

The temple is situated in the mountains north of the Osaka plain and has been a place of worship for several thousand years, an unparalleled sacred site founded on the spiritual power of the mountain  and a faith build up over 1,300 years.

In 727, early in the nara period (710-784) two holy priests name Zenchu and Zensan constructed a hut on this mountain. with these two priests as teachers, Prince Kaijo, a son of the Emperor Konin (770-781), established Mirokuji Temple in 765 in his quest to reach the spiritual realm of Buddha.

Kyoto 1-day bus-ticket.
Kyoto 1-day bus-ticket.

I recommend the 1-day pass bus ticket. You can just hop in anytime you want going to the destination within Kyoto. Of course, we have to visit the famous tourist spot. First stop will be the far from the station which is “The Golden Pavilion”

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Kinkaku / Rokuon-ji Temple

Kinkaku (The Golden Pavilion) is a sharien, a Buddhist hall containing relics of Buddha. The pavilion is part of a temple that is formally named Rokuon-ji temple, but commonly called Kinkaku-ji Temple,or Temple of the Golden Pavilion. Rokuon-ji is a Zen Buddhist temple, is the Shokokuji School of the Rinzai Sect. This Area was originally the site of a villa called Kitayama-dai and owned by a statesman, Saionji Kintsune. Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, the 3rd shogun of the Muromachi period, took a liking to the area and acquired it from the Saionji family in 1397. he then built his own villa, which he named Kitayama-den.

Nijo Castle (with my Son)
Nijo Castle (with my Son)

Nijo Castle (Nijo-jo)

The castle was originally built in 1603 as the official Kyoto residence of the first Tokugawa Shogun, Ieyusa. It was completed in 1626 by the third Tokugawa Shogun, Iemitsu, with the addition of some structures transferred from Fushimi Castle (built in the Momoyama Period; 1573-1614). Nijo Castle is one of the finest examples of early Edo period and Momoyama culture in Japan, as it makes splendid use of early Edo period building designs, lavish paintings,a nd carvings that Iemitsu generously commissioned. In 1867, when Yoshinobu, the fifteenth Tokugawa Shogun returned sovereignty to the Emperor, the castle became the property of the Imperial family. In 1884,  it was renamed the Nijo Detached Palace. It was donated to the City of Kyoto and renamed Nijo Castle (Nijo-jo) in 1939. The castle was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.

Kiyomizu-dera
Kiyomizu-dera

Kiyomizu-dera

Kiyomizu-dera was founded in the early Heian period.The temple was founded in 798, and its present buildings were constructed in 1633, ordered by the Tokugawa Iemitsu. There is not a single nail used in the entire structure. It takes its name from the waterfall within the complex, which runs off the nearby hills.Kiyomizu means clear water, or pure water.

It was originally affiliated with the old and influential Hossō sect dating from Nara times. However, in 1965 it severed that affiliation, and its present custodians call themselves members of the “Kitahossō” sect.

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Yasaka PagodaYasaka Shrine

Yasaka-no-to Pagoda stands mostly alone, the buildings of the temple of which it once belonged (Hokan-ji Temple) having been destroyed by fires, earthquakes and wars over the years. We’re thankful that the pagoda survived, because it’s a stunner. It stands at the top of Yasaka-dori, which is itself unique for the lack of overhead power lines, which were removed to preserve the view of the pagoda. The pagoda can easily be accessed from Higashioji-dori, or by ducking off of the bottom of Ninen-zaka. It’s particularly lovely after dark, especially when the lone cherry tree at the base of the pagoda is in bloom.

Yasaka Shrine once called Gion Shrine (祇園神社 Gion-jinja?), is a Shinto shrine in the Gion District of Kyoto, Japan. Situated at the east end of Shijō-dōri (Fourth Avenue), the shrine includes several buildings, including gates, a main hall and a stage.

Initial construction on the Shrine began in 656. The Shrine became the object of Imperial patronage during the early Heian period. In 965, Emperor Murakami ordered that Imperial messengers be sent to report important events to the guardian kami of Japan. These heihaku were initially presented to 16 shrines; and in 991, Emperor Ichijō added three more shrines to Murakami’s list. Three years later in 994, Ichijō refined the scope of that composite list by adding Umenomiya Shrine and Gion Shrine.

From 1871 through 1946, Yasaka Shrine was officially designated one of the Kanpei-taisha (官幣大社?), meaning that it stood in the first rank of government supported shrines.

After those iconiq spot in Kyoto. We can feel the ache of our legs in walking up and down but it worth it. My visitors enjoyed a lot even though they are tired. Same as my son, he enjoyed and happy being a interpreter (non-stop talking). It just easy to take train and commute than driving a car, as you will have a problem where to park especially now is a peak season. So, better yet take public transportation, feel to be a japanese for a while experience it.